Break Even Analysis Advantages and disadvantages table in A Level and IB Business Studies


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To put it another way, the research demonstrates how many sales are required to cover the cost of doing business. Break-even Analysis as a static model is valid and accurate only for a very limited time period such as one year. And, each set of break-even calculations will only be valid for one point in time. Therefore, the analysis might not be very useful in a dynamic business environment as it represents only a snapshot position of the business. Costs change, market conditions change and prices change all the time. For example, production costs can change at short notice when there are fluctuations in exchange rates which affect businesses using imported raw materials.

Through the contribution margin calculation, a business can determine the break-even point and where it can begin earning a profit. By calculating the Break-even Quantity, the business will know how many products it has to produce and sell to break-even. But, having this knowledge does not ensure that the business will actually sell all the products and cover all of its costs to make profit. Furthermore, unsold inventory might need to be sold at a discount.

The analysis seeks to identify how much in sales will be required to cover all fixed costs so that the business can begin generating a profit. For example, as output rises, the business may benefit from being able to buy inputs at lower prices (buying power), which would reduce variable cost per unit. In break even analysis, companies can evaluate parameters like break even pricing i.e. the price required to achieve the the break even point. It also helps to determine the units break even required to be sold. The breakeven point is defined as the point where both total expenses and total revenues are equal to each other. It is the production level during a manufacturing process or an accounting period where revenues generated and expenses incurred are the same, and the net income for that period is zero.


For some, it may be individual clients; for others, service hours. Either way, this can muddy the waters a bit when trying to nail down a finite break-even point. Once you know when your business will start generating profits, you can start planning for future growth well ahead of time. When conducting a break-even analysis, you can use either sales revenue or sales quantity as a point of reference.

The total of the labor and material expenses required to create one unit of your product is known as variable costs. Service-based businesses will also need to more clearly differentiate between fixed and variable costs, which isn’t always easy. Hourly wages, for example, can be mistaken as a fixed cost of a given service, though they technically should be seen as a variable cost for the purpose of break-even analysis. The contribution margin’s importance lies in the fact that it represents the amount of revenue required to cover a business’ fixed costs and contribute to its profit.

  • If any company taking outsourcing strategy, it may also change the cost structure.
  • You own a small shop that specialises in selling a unique widget.
  • Still, you’ll need to be wary of these additional challenges while getting started.
  • Adam Hayes, Ph.D., CFA, is a financial writer with 15+ years Wall Street experience as a derivatives trader.
  • (1) A very effective tool in the hands of management is profit plan­ning.
  • Furthermore, keep in mind that costs can fluctuate, so your break-even threshold may need to be re-evaluated and altered in the future.

You can use the break-even formula to determine how many products or services you need to sell to break even, and at what price. In most instances, it makes sense to use monthly amounts to calculate your break-even point. This will give you the number of units you need to sell each month to cover your business costs. Break-even analysis is an accounting process that helps you to calculate the point at which your business will break even – when you neither make a profit nor a loss.

Break-even Analysis: Advantages & Disadvantages How to do Break-even Analysis?

While this isn’t impossible, it’s simply more work than teams with smaller product catalogs have to deal with. In gaining an overview of what it will take to break even, you can then focus on tweaking your pricing to get there faster without increasing expenses. While there’s more to pricing than looking at costs, break-even analysis can help you get moving in the right direction. For many small business owners, doing break-even analysis can lead to an “Aha! Based on what you find, you may need to make some changes to your plan — or scrap the plan altogether.

Raise your margins

If they are enthusiastic about a new enterprise, they will pursue it. Correct data is required for your break-even point to be accurate. You won’t obtain a trustworthy result if you don’t enter good data into the calculation. The principle of Garbage In, Garbage Out (GIGO) means that if we use any incorrect or unrealistic data, we will receive unconvincing results. Using break-even analysis in your ecommerce business can come with its own drawbacks. The HR manager can then use this analysis to aid his/her recruiting decisions.

#3. Increase in production costs

At the very least, you’ll know what it’ll take to keep the lights on – and will have a clearer idea of how long it will take to recoup your investment. Done correctly, conducting break-even analyses can lead to great things for your business. So, you’d have to generate $10,869.57 in revenues to break even every quarter. Keep all this in mind, as we’ll revisit it when discussing the advantages and drawbacks of conducting break-even analyses. However a break-even analysis can tell you when you’ll break even, it can’t tell you how probable it is to happen.

Also, break-even analysis help stock and option traders manage their risks. Through knowing their break-even value, stock and option traders can set stop loss levels that mitigate their losses if the trade moves against them. The concept that market conditions are not changeable, it be­comes unreasonable to rely on such a chart. In break-even chart it is also a drawback to assume that the size of the factory, process and techniques of production remain constant. It the age of technological development such an assumption is abso­lutely unreasonable.

It is a crucial element of business planning and decision-making. Suppose, you are the investor of stock market and buys the stock of a reputed company at $ 120. If the price remains at $ 120, it will be said as BEP, because at this point you remain at no loss or not profit point.

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The break-even point component in break-even analysis is utilized by businesses in various ways. The break-even point helps businesses with pricing decisions, sales forecasting, cost management and growth strategies. With the break-even point, businesses can figure out the minimum price they need to charge to cover their costs.

The simplest break­even chart makes use of straight lines that represent revenue, vari­able costs and total costs. This simple analytical device is very useful if interpreted proper­ly but can cause trouble if certain assumptions, upon which is based, are forgotten. Break-even analysis is a very valuable technique for a corporation, and it has a lot of benefits. It demonstrates how many things they must sell in order to make a profit.

In addition to eliminating risk in future investments, you’ll actually be plugging holes in your current operations, as well. You’ll need some information before you start your break-even analysis. When developing a new product, it’s a good idea to run a break-even analysis, especially if it’s a high-cost endeavour. It is not only not easy to separate costs into Fixed Costs (FC) and Variable Costs (VC), but some costs simply cannot be conveniently classified into fixed and variable. Also, the introduction of Semi-Variable Costs (SVC) makes the process of classifying costs much more complicated.

You’ll also want to do what you can to lower your variable costs, as well. This isn’t to say that break-even analysis isn’t important for service-based businesses; it definitely is. Still, https://1investing.in/ you’ll need to be wary of these additional challenges while getting started. Similarly, you may find that a given venture could be even more profitable by cutting certain costs.

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